The close of the 20th century brings the world well nigh a revolution in information technology. In the last decade of the 20th century this technology has entered with quite a bang, and now, it is found in every home, each office, and every area of feasible entry. However, we are on the threshold of further achievement within a few more years.
The remarkable point to be noted at this juncture is, to understand how much India has contributed in the growth of the field of information technology, on the global horizon. For example, the annual revenue of India’s software industry would be reaching U.S. $ 6 trillion mark by the year 2000 A.D. Recognising the annual recession in the market worldwide by 1995 – 96 India’s Software export was 16.2%. This is no mean an achievement. We have the mobile phone, pagers, computer games, internet and software for application. We also have the E-mail or the electronic mail which is a high speed communication system, through the internet. This system of communication is very cheap, being as low as Re. 1/- per page. This is prevalent everywhere in the Western world and is now catching up fast in the Indian scenario. The future of communication system would include, E-mail connection, a telephone with STD facilities and a modern card. This system of E-mail would eliminate postage, courier and telephonic conversations. All kinds of data and information can be sent through the E-mail.
The next area of development in the pipeline is the E-com which is already prevalent in the West. This concept is also quite easy to understand. We would send an E-mail to our grocery shop for our grocery requirements. this would be sent through the Internet to the shop, and our items would be delivered to us. In the same way, firms would float their tenders and projects through the Internet. All those concerned would discuss the Project on line through the Internet, orders would be placed on the Internet and the execution of the order would also be done through the Internet. This concept of E-com is fast picking up in the Indian industry also.
Still further, another significant development in the field of information technology is the coming up of the Internet shops, in the urban areas of the country. Through this convenience, a host of jobs can be done. We can send and receive E-mail, surf through the sites of the Internet and collect any required information. The Internet is also a provider of fun, as, all city guides, magazines newspapers, news of fashions movies and other shows are all available on the Internet. Just as in the last decade we have been crazy about video games, henceforth in times to come people would surf through the Internet for any information on education, business, entertainment and leisure.
In times to come, a new technology may enable us to use our telephone as a mobile. A base set would be connected to the telephone line at home or office and we could carry an instrument similar to the present mobile phone and thus communicate with the place where the base set has been installed and, above all, all this will be at no extra charge. In the new millennium we may also see satellite phone. Through these satellite phones we could talk to anyone, anywhere in the world. Thus the coming of the information technology would make office work simple and all this without much paper work.
Vital growth areas in information technology are likely to include multimedia, animation, computer, aided design and artificial intelligence. The constraints in such development would be basically investment of money, resource shortage and policies of the Government. However, inspite of all these constraints the signs are for a very healthy growth of Information Technology.